Care of a sick child (VAB) is when you stay home from work or refrain from taking unemployment benefit to take care of a sick child. The compensation you receive when caring for a child is called temporary parental benefit.
Can I receive compensation for caring for a child?
You can receive compensation for caring for a child
- from the date the child is 8 months old up until the day before the child turns 12. There are times when you are entitled to compensation even if the child is older, younger or covered by the Act regarding Support and Service for Persons with Certain Functional Impairments (LSS). Read more about this in Frequently asked questions.
- if you stay home from work or refrain from receiving unemployment benefit to take care of a sick child. You can also receive compensation if you accompany the child to the doctor, children's health centre, dentist, or child and adolescent psychiatric services, or if you are home with the child because the ordinary caregiver is sick.
- if you are insured in Sweden. You usually are if you live or work here.
- if the child lives in Sweden or within the EU/EEA or Switzerland.
How much money will I get?
In the “Kassakollen” function, you can see how much money you can receive when caring for a sick child. The compensation for caring for a sick child is a little less than 80 per cent of your regular income, but there is a maximum limit for how much money you can receive.
How many days can I take for the care of a child?
You can receive compensation for caring for a sick child for maximum 120 days per year. For the final 60 days, you can only receive the compensation if the child is sick and not if the child's regular caregiver is sick.
If there are several people caring for the sick child, you can share the compensation days.
Parents of a seriously ill child up to the age of 18 can receive compensation for an unlimited number of days.
You can receive compensation if:
- there is a distinct threat to the child’s life or
- if the child, after or in direct connection to a life-threatening condition, receives treatment for the illness and the child’s life is in jeopardy without this treatment.
If the child is seriously ill, both of the parents have the right to compensation for the same child and time for an unlimited number of days.
If your child is seriously ill, the doctor must write a statement. It shall include a diagnosis and a description of the child's illness and treatment.
How do I apply for compensation for care of a sick child (VAB)?
To receive compensation for the care of a sick child, you must first register the care of the child and then apply for the money once the child is healthy again.
1. Register care of a child (VAB)
Register the care of a child (VAB) the first day you stay home.
Did you forget to register the first day?
That’s OK. Register using the current date instead and indicate why you missed registering on the first day when you submit your application.
If you log in, you don't have to fill in your personal ID number. But, you can also register without logging in.
Anmäl VAB (inloggning)
2. Apply for compensation for caring for a sick child
When the child is healthy and you are back at work, or begin to seek work again, you must apply for compensation for the days you cared for the child.
Ansök om VAB (inloggning)
If the child is sick for more than one week
Beginning with the eighteenth day of sickness, you must send in a certificate from a doctor or nurse. The days for which you do not take compensation for care of a sick child, for example Saturday and Sundays, also count as part of the sickness period. Send the certificate to Försäkringskassans inläsningscentral 839 88 Östersund.
If you apply no later than the 15th, the money will be paid out on the 25th of the same month.
If you apply after the 15th, your money will be paid out on the 25th of the next month.
If we need more information from you, this may affect the disbursement date. We will contact you if this is the case. The problem is usually that we have not received a doctor's certificate if the child has been sick longer than a week or a doctor’s statement if the child is seriously ill. It could also be the case that we need more information from the doctor.
As soon as we have processed your application, you can see your preliminary disbursements under Disbursements (Utbetalningar) on My pages (Mina sidor). The actual disbursement will be shown 1 bank day before the money arrives.
- If the disbursement date is a Saturday, your money will be paid out on Friday.
- If the disbursement date is a Sunday, your money will be paid out on Monday.
- Disbursement normally scheduled for 25 December will be paid out on 21 December 2018.
4. Keep track with the VAB calendar
My pages (Mina sidor) contains the VAB calendar, where you can see when and how many days you, the other parent or any closely related person cared for a sick child.
- share the calendar with the other parent or other closely related persons who cared for the child during sickness, and see a breakdown of who used which days.
- keep track of whose turn it is to stay home the next time the child gets sick.
- see all days you applied for or received compensation for this year and last year.
- choose whether you want to look at one or more children.