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Parental benefit

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Image of a teddy bearParental benefit is money you receive to be able to be at home with your child instead of working, seeking work or studying.

Am I eligible for parental benefit?

You are eligible for parental benefit

  • if you are the child's parent or have custody of the child. You are also considered a parent if you live together with the parent and  
    • have or have had other children together with the parent
    • are or have been married with the parent
    • are or have been a registered partner with the parent
  • if you are at home with your child instead of working, studying or seeking employment
  • if you are insured in Sweden.

How many days with parental benefit do I get?

Parental benefit is paid out for 480 days for one child. For 390 days, the compensation is based on the income one has (days at the sickness benefit level). For the other 90 days, the compensation is SEK 180 per day (days at the minimum level)

The first 180 days that are taken out for the child must be days at the sickness benefit level. Once you have taken out 180 days at the sickness benefit level, you can begin taking out days at the minimum level as well. It is your joint withdrawal of days for the child at the sickness benefit level that are counted.

If the child was born before 1 January 2014

You receive half of the 480 days each, but 60 days at the sickness benefit level are reserved for each parent. The rest of the days can be transferred to each other.

If the child was born in 2014 or 2015

You receive 195 days each at the sickness benefit level and 45 days each at the minimum level. You can divide the days between you by transferring days to each other, but 60 days at the sickness benefit level are reserved and cannot be transferred to the other parent.

If the child was born in 2016 or later

You receive 195 days each at the sickness benefit level and 45 days each at the minimum level. You can divide the days between you by transferring days to each other, but 90 days at the sickness benefit level are reserved and cannot be transferred to the other parent.

  Parent 1 Parent 2
Days at sickness benefit level that can be transferred 105 105
Days at sickness benefit level that cannot be transferred 90 90
Days at the minimum level (SEK 180 per day) that can be transferred 45 45
Total 240 240
 

Parental benefit is paid out for 480 days for one child. For 390 days, the compensation is based on the income one has (days at the sickness benefit level). For the other 90 days, the compensation is SEK 180 per day (days at the minimum level).

If you have sole custody of the child, you are entitled to all 480 days. The first 180 days that are taken out for the child must be days at the sickness benefit level.

 
If you have multiple children, you and the other parent receive the following number of parental benefit days:
Number of children Days at sickness benefit level Days at minimum level Total
1 390 90 480
2 480 180 660
3 660 180 840
4 840 180 1,020
If you are two parents, you can also take out parental benefit for each child and thereby be home at the same time. If you have sole custody of the child, you are entitled to all of the days.
 

When can I take out my parental benefit?

You can take out parental benefit up to and including the day the child has finished his or her first year in compulsory school. If your child turns 8 years old after the end of school, you can take out parental benefit up to and including the day the child turns 8.
 
You can take out parental benefit up to and including the day the child turns 12 years old or when the child finishes form/grade 5 in compulsory school. But, from the child’s 4th birthday, you can only save 96 days in total. If you have twins, you can save 132 days in total.
 

How much money will I get?

With the “Kassakollen” function, you can quickly and easily see approximately how much you can receive in parental benefit.

Kassakollen

You get nearly 80 per cent of your income if you take out parental benefit 7 days a week, but this is capped at SEK 952 per day.

If you have worked for at least 240 consecutive days before the estimated delivery date

Parental benefit that is based on your income is called parental benefit at sickness benefit level. To receive parental benefit at sickness benefit level, you must have had an annual income of at least SEK 82,100 for at least 240 consecutive days before the estimated delivery date. You do not need to have worked at the same workplace or had the same income the entire time, but rather it is the number of days with income that is important.

If you have not worked for at least 240 consecutive days before the estimated delivery

If you have worked fewer than 240 consecutive days before the child is born, you receive SEK 250 per day at sickness benefit level for the first 180 days that are taken out for the child. This is equivalent to about SEK 7,500 a month.

After you, the other parent or you both together have taken out 180 parental benefit days, you receive parental benefit based on your income, but a minimum of SEK 250 per day at sickness benefit level.

 
If you have no income or earned less than SEK 117,590 in a year, you receive SEK 250 per day at sickness benefit level. This is equivalent to about SEK 7,500 a month.
 

If you had a job before you became a job seeker, you can receive parental benefit based on the income you had then, in other words at sickness benefit level. This applies on condition that you registered with the Public Employment Service on the first weekday that you were unemployed and are still registered.

If you worked 6 months or more before you became unemployed, it suffices if you registered with the Public Employment Service within three months after you became unemployed.

If you cannot receive parental benefit based on your income, you get parental benefit at SEK 250 per day for the days at the sickness benefit level.

 

If you have a limited company, you are counted as an employee of your own company. This means that your parental benefit will be based on the salary you have taken out from the company. With the "Kassakollen" function, you can easily see how much money you get. But, you can receive no more than SEK 952 per day at the sickness benefit level.

Kassakollen

If you do not take any out any salary at all or less than SEK 117,590 per year, you get SEK 250 per day at the sickness benefit level.

If you have a sole proprietorship, you can receive parental benefit based on your estimated income from business activities. If your company is in the start-up phase, then you might not have earned much estimated income as yet. For this reason, for the first 24 months you receive an amount equal to the parental benefit an employee with the same duties, training and experience would receive. 

In the salary database at scb.se, you can see how much an employee in your profession has in income.

Statistics Sweden (scb.se) opens in a new window

If you do not have any estimated income at all and are not in the start-up phase, you get SEK 250 per day at sickness benefit level.

 

If you do not have an income from work, you get SEK 250 per day. This is the equivalent of about SEK 7,500 a month.

If you worked before you began studying, you can receive parental benefit that is based on your latest salary. Call the Customer Centre at 0771-524 524 to find out what applies to you.

 

How do I apply for parental benefit?

You must first register that you will be on leave and then apply for the benefit.

1. Register parental benefit

You can register whenever you want, but not later than the same day for which you want compensation.

Anmäl föräldrapenning

Send in your pregnancy certificate. It serves as your registration and you can plan and apply for parental benefit in the next step. Send the certificate to Försäkringskassans inläsningscentral 839 88 Östersund.
 

2. Apply for parental benefit

Log in to My pages (Mina sidor) and apply for parental benefit. Remember to apply no later than 90 days after you have taken your first parental benefit day.

Feel free to apply for as long a period as possible so the disbursements are made smoothly. You can easily change your application afterwards if you want to take more or less leave than you originally applied for.

3. Disbursement

If your application is complete, the money is disbursed within 30 days. Otherwise, we will contact you within one week. The money will arrive on the 25th of every month.

As soon as we have processed your application, you can see your preliminary disbursements under Disbursements (Utbetalningar) on My pages (Mina sidor).  The actual disbursement will be shown 1 bank day before the money arrives.

If the disbursement date is a

  • Saturday, you will receive the money on Friday.  
  • Sunday, you will receive the money on Monday.

Disbursement normally scheduled for 25 December will be paid out on 22 December 2017.

 

If you want to change your application

You can change an application submitted on My pages (Mina sidor) as long as the money has not been paid out.

If you make your change no later than the 15th of the month, you will receive the right amount at the next disbursement.

What should I think about when it comes to sickness benefit qualifying income?

Many parents of young children choose to reduce their working hours during and after parental leave. This can lead to lower income, which could affect your sickness benefit qualifying income.

Your qualifying income is based on your annual income. Försäkringskassan uses this amount to calculate how much compensation you can receive if you get sick, stay home to care for a sick child, or are taking parental leave. You can protect your qualifying income in different ways depending on the age of your child and your work situation.

When your child is younger than 1 year old

If you are on parental leave full-time or part-time (or refrain from seeking work if you are a job seeker), you do not have to do anything to protect your qualifying income. You keep the same qualifying income you had when the child was born, even if you are not collecting parental benefit.
 

Your qualifying income will be recalculated based on the salary you receive when working full-time. So, if you have the same salary as before, you will have the same qualifying income as before the child was born.

But, if you have a lower salary than when you were on parental leave (for example, if you work days instead of nights and no longer receive a supplement for inconvenient working hours), your qualifying income will be lower. This means that your parental benefit will be lower and you will receive lower compensation if you get sick or stay home to care for a sick child.

 

When your child turns 1 year old

If you are on parental leave full-time (or completely refrain from seeking work if you are a job seeker), you keep your previous qualifying income if you take at least five whole parental benefit days per week.
 

Your qualifying income will be recalculated based on the salary you receive when working. So, if you have the same salary as before, you will have the same qualifying income as before the child was born.

But, if you have a lower salary than when you were on parental leave (for example, if you work days instead of nights and no longer receive a supplement for inconvenient working hours), your qualifying income will be lower. You will then receive less compensation if you get sick or stay home to care for a sick child.

Your parental benefit is not affected if your qualifying income is lowered
Your parental benefit is not affected if your qualifying income is lowered. It is protected during the first two years of the child’s life. This means that even if your qualifying income is lower (for example if you reduce your working hours), you will receive the same amount of parental benefit as before if you take parental leave again before the child turns two years of age.

The same applies if you or your partner become pregnant with another child before the older child is one year and nine months old. You will also receive parental benefit calculated using the same qualifying income as before it was lowered.

How to protect your qualifying income if you have reduced your working hours
If you do not want your compensation for sickness benefit and benefit for caring for a sick child to be lower because you have reduced your working hours, you can protect your previous qualifying income by taking parental benefit for a time equal to your reduction in working hours.

Examples of how to protect your qualifying income:

  • If you reduce your working hours by half from full-time to part-time, you must take at least two and a half days of parental benefit per week.
  • If you reduce your working hours by half from 50 per cent to 25 per cent, you must take at least two and a half days of parental benefit per week.
  • If you reduce your working hours by one-fourth from full-time to 75 per cent, you must take at least one and one-fourth days of parental benefit per week.
 

SGI guide

By answering a few quick questions, you will get answers to the following:

  • How you become entitled to an SGI.
  • How it is calculated from your income.
  • How your SGI affects the compensation you receive.
  • That it is important to protect your SGI if you stop working or begin working less.

Starta SGI-guiden

Frequently asked questions Actions
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Frequently asked questions

With two parents, you receive 195 days each at the sickness benefit level and 45 days each at the minimum level. You can divide the days between you by transferring days to each other. But, 90 days at the sickness benefit level are reserved for each parent and cannot be transferred.

Anyone who has transferred parental benefit days can also take back days for which compensation has not been paid. Log in to My pages (Mina sidor) to transfer and take back days.

If you are unable to use My pages (Mina sidor), you can instead send in this form:

7470 Registration to transfer parental benefit days (74 kB)PDF opens in a new window

7471 Registration to take back parental benefit days (76 kB)PDF opens in a new window

Ja. En förälder kan välja att avstå sina dagar till den andra föräldern, det vill säga ge bort sina dagar till den andra föräldern. Man kan bara avstå dagar som inte tillhör de 60 reserverade dagarna på sjukpenningnivå.

Den som har avstått föräldrapenningdagar kan också ta tillbaka dagar som det ännu inte betalats ut ersättning för. Logga in på Mina sidor för att avstå och ta tillbaka dagar.

Yes. During the child's first year, both parents can take out parental benefits for the same day. This is called double days. You can take out 30 double days at most. You cannot take out double days from the 90 days that are reserved.

When you take out a double day, two days are deducted, one for each parent. So if you take out all 30 double days, you have used 60 days with parental benefits and after that you have 420 days left.

It is possible to take out double days at different levels. This means that one parent can take out days at the sickness benefit level while the other takes out days at the minimum level. Bear in mind that you must have taken out 180 days at sickness benefit level for this child before you can start taking out days at the minimum level.

60

Yes, parental benefits can be paid out as full compensation (100 per cent), three quarters compensation (75 per cent), half compensation (50 per cent), one fourth compensation (25 per cent) or one eighth compensation (12.5 per cent). But you cannot choose to take out parental benefits in any extent other than these.

This means, for example, that you can work 50 per cent and take out parental benefits for 50 per cent. However, you cannot work 80 per cent and take out parental benefits for 20 per cent.

At the minimum level:
Yes, you can always take out parental benefit at the minimum level for weekends or other days you would not have worked.

At sickness benefit level:
Yes, but only if you also take out parental benefit for days directly before or after the weekend or days you would not have worked.

For example, if you work Monday to Friday and want to take parental benefit at the sickness benefit level on Saturday and Sunday, you must also take out parental benefit at the sickness benefit level on the Friday or Monday.
You must take out parental benefit in the same scope on all of the days. In this example, you need to take out
parental benefit at the sickness benefit level at the same scope for Friday, Saturday and Sunday, or for Saturday, Sunday and Monday.

Yes, you apply as usual. In the application, you can state the reason why you forgot to register.

SGI is an abbreviation for sjukpenninggrundande inkomst, which is the Swedish phrase for sickness benefit qualifying income. It is used to calculate how much parental benefit you can receive at the sickness benefit level.

Försäkringskassan calculates your SGI by looking at your annual income. Your SGI is usually based on your current annual income. But, your SGI can also be based on earlier income, for example if you had an income before becoming a student or unemployed.

Other types of compensation, such as sickness benefit and temporary benefit to care for a sick child (VAB), are also based on your SGI.

Log in to My pages (Mina sidor) to plan your parental benefits, see how many days you have remaining, and to see when you must use them so they are not lost due to the child’s age.

If your child was born before 1 January 2014

You can take out parental benefits up to and including the day the child has finished his or her first year in compulsory school. If your child turns 8 years old after the end of school, you can take out parental benefits up to and including the day the child turns 8.

If your child was born on 1 January 2014 or later

You can take out parental benefit up to and including the day the child turns 12 years old or when the child finishes form/grade 5 in compulsory school. But after the child has turned 4 years old, you can only save 96 days in total. If there are more than 96 days left for the child, the days disappear. The minimum level days disappear before the sickness benefit level days.

Example: If there are 110 days left for the child, of which 100 are sickness benefit level days and 10 are minimum level days, all of the minimum level days disappear – but only four of the sickness benefit level days.

If you have joint custody

For parents who have joint custody, there are also rules for how the days are divided between the parents. This is how it works if you have parental benefit days left when your child turns 4 years old:

If you have fewer than 96 days left between you, nothing happens. You keep your respective days.

If there are more than 96 days left for the child and all the days belong to the same parent, he or she keeps 96 days.

If you together have more than 96 days, the number of days is reduced for you both so that you together have 96 days left. The reduction is made so that you have the same share of days left that you had before the reduction. If one of you has one third of his or her days left before the reduction, he or she will also have one third left after the reduction.

If you have sole custody and the child is younger than 3 years old, a friend or relative can take care of the child instead of you. This is called expanded temporary parental benefit. The friend or relative is only eligible to receive compensation if they lost income. Call the Customer Centre to request a form for the person who is caring for the child.

Yes. If the child is older than 240 days (8 months), the other parent can apply for compensation for the care of a sick child. If the other parent cannot care for the child due to work, a relative, neighbour or friend, for example, can receive compensation for the care of the child instead.

If the child is younger than 240 days, the other parent cannot take out temporary parental benefit (VAB), but can take out parental benefit instead of you.

Remember to submit a sickness report on the first sick day if you get sick and cannot take care of your child during the parental leave.

Read about what you should do if you get sick while on parental leave:

Sick while on parental leave

If you have an open parental benefit case, you can register your changed income on My pages (Mina sidor). If you do not have a case right now, you do not need to register at all.

Our calculation period for parental benefits runs from the 21st in one month to the 20th of the next month. Your payments can differ between months because there are a different number of days in the month.

Yes. When you begin working after a period of parental leave and then decide to take parental leave and take out parental benefits, you have to submit a new registration.

Yes, you can. But, the rules vary slightly depending on whether you want to use days at the minimum level or at the sickness benefit level.

You can take out parental benefit days at the minimum level

If you are with the child at preschool for more than one-eighth of the working day, you can take a full day of parental benefit at the minimum level. However, to take out parental benefit days at the minimum level, you must have first taken out 180 parental benefit days at the sickness benefit level.

In some cases, you can take out parental benefit at the sickness benefit level

The general rule is that you can only receive parental benefit for the time you are close proximity to the child. So, if you leave the preschool or school during the preschool orientation, you cannot receive parental benefit for the time you are gone.

Yes, you can get parental benefits if you live together with one of the child's parents and any of the following applies to you:

  • You have or have had other children together
  • You are or have been married
  • You are or have been registered partners

Proceed as follows:

  1. Register your intention to take parental leave. When you register, you choose to apply using the form. You do not need to log in to register.
  2. Ask the person who is the legal guardian to transfer days to you. This is most easily done by logging in to My pages (Mina sidor).
  3. Apply for parental benefit using the form sent to your home. Unfortunately, it is not possible to apply via My pages (Mina sidor) if you are not the legal guardian.

No, if you or your child has a protected identity, you cannot plan or apply via My pages (Mina sidor) since this requires login with a personal identity number. To apply, call the Customer Centre to receive forms, more information, and assistance with your case.

If you notify your employer at least two months before you will be on parental leave, the employer must approve your parental leave. At some workplaces, there are collective agreements that mean that you must provide notification earlier or later. Ask your employer if you want to find out what applies for you.

Yes, you can. But you can only receive parental benefit for no more than 90 days back in time.

If you have been on leave for one month or longer, your employer has the right to let you wait a maximum of one month before you begin working again. This also applies if you have been on leave for less than one month, but planned to be on leave for at least one month.

If you want to stop the disbursements of parental benefits from Försäkringskassan, you must send in a new application where you only request compensation up to and including the date you want to have parental benefits for. It is always the most recently received application that applies. You can also phone the Customer Centre. It is only possible to stop the disbursements for days for which no parental benefits have yet been paid out.

The answer is simply because it says so in the law. It may seem complicated and even frustrating, but it is a legal requirement that you must first register that you want parental benefits before you can apply to receive money. We cannot change the law, but we have sent an anti-hassle proposal to the Government to remove the registration requirement.

When you work, the employer deposits money into your collective agreement occupational pension, but not when you receive parental benefits. AFA Försäkring can take over the employer's payments to your collective agreement occupational pension (applies to privately and cooperatively employed workers).

More information on AFA Försäkring's website opens in a new window.

Yes. You may be entitled to parental benefit while you are studying if you take care of the child for part of the day.

Example  – entitled to parental benefit
You are studying via a distance learning programme, take care of your child during the day, and study on nights and weekends. You are eligible for parental benefit.

Example – not entitled to parental benefit
You are studying and in school every day between 8:00 and 16:00. Since you are not together with the child during the day, you cannot receive parental benefit.

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